Pole & Zenith

Demonstrate an understanding of the terms:... pole...zenith


The pole is a point 90° from the Equator. North of the Equator is the North Pole, south of the Equator is the South Pole.

The pole is a point on the surface of the Earth at the axis of rotation, and both poles are located at 90° from the Equator.

The South Pole (90°S) is on a continental shelf (Antartica) and a United States Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is located there. The North Pole (90°N) is in the Artic Ocean which is frozen for most months of the year.



The Zenith is a point directly above the observer's head.

The opposite of Zenith is the Nadir, the point directly below the observers feet.


Animation New Window

South Pole South Pole! 360°

Image New Window

Links New Window

Principles of Astronomy by Dr Jamie Love Zenith & meridian

Antartical South pole Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica

South Pole Live Camera Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory. Day or Night? Summer or Winter?

Did you know?

The coldest place on Earth was recorded in Antartica at -89 degrees. The hottest recorded place on Earth was 58 degrees in Libya in 1922.

Did you also know?

There is less rain in Antarctica than in the Sahara Desert.