Hubble's Tuning Fork diagram

Draw Hubble's Tuning Fork diagram

Edwin Hubble classified galaxies according to their shape. He produced a tuning fork diagram as he thought this demonstrated the evolution of elliptical galaxies into spirals.

This theory is considered to be incorrect but astronomers still use the diagram and his classification to judge what category a galaxy fits under.

Elliptical galaxies are classified from E0 (for spherical galaxies) to E7 (for very elongated).

Spirals are classified Sa, Sb, ScA means that the spirals extend from the nucleus outwards with a slight bend. C means the spirals are wrapped around the nucleus tighter.

Spiral Barred, or Barred Spiral depending what book you read, are classified likewise SBa, SBb and SBc.

Irregular galaxies are not part of the Hubble Classification.


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Faulkes Telescope Hubble Diagram

Nova Celestia Hubble's Classification of Galaxies

Exam Tip

Practice drawing the Hubble Tuning Fork diagram and label correctly.